Автомобили. За и против.
There is no doubt
that the invention of the car completely changed the way people thought about
travelling causing the development of many other means of transport. However,
the drawbacks of cars make people think that we should stop using them.
In my opinion,
cars are necessary in today's world. To begin with, they help us transport
goods to places that cannot be reached by other means of transport. In
addition, cars are the main way of transportation for people who live far from
their workplaces, especially now when public transport is frequently lacking.
It is even more difficult to use public transport if you have children with you
or heavy goods to carry. Finally, cars are the best way of travelling because
you need not buy tickets and you can stop wherever you like.
are often criticised because they cause air pollution. Another argument against
using cars is that people are turning into legless creatures and inactivity
leads to serious diseases. I cannot agree with these views because nowadays
all cars are to be equipped with special control systems to reduce their exhaust
fumes and new environmentally friendly cars are being developed. Moreover,
with cars, people have better opportunities to reach sports facilities and
therefore spend more time doing sports.
up, I would argue that although cars have certain disadvantages people would
not be able to survive without them. However, I believe that we should improve
cars to lower their harmful influence on people's health.
Богатые, только они успешные. Согласны ли вы с данным
Does one's success
depend on the amount of money a person earns? This question has always worried
people and the answer to it is not simple.
In my opinion,
being rich does not necessarily mean that you are successful. First of all, if
you only work for money, you will not get satisfaction from your job. What is
more, while making your fortune, you may not have enough time for your family
so you are bound to have problems in family relationship. Finally, lots of
money can worsen your character because rich people are often greedy and
arrogant so you are unlikely to have any true friends.
most people view success in terms of money. They believe money will bring
happiness because they will be able to buy luxurious things, travel around the
world and realise their dreams. However, there are a lot of millionaires with
personal problems and they are often very unhappy. You can buy houses and cars
but money will not help you to buy love, friendship and good health, which are
the most valuable things in life. What is more, being wealthy is often a
powerful predictor that people spend less time doing pleasurable things and
therefore feel stressed.
conclusion, I would argue that being rich is not the only way of being
successful in life. From my point of view, it is more important to have an
interesting job, good friends and a happy family. Other people make you happy,
Будущее. Плохо будет или хорошо?
People have always
been intrigued of what the future will look like. That is why there are a lot
of futuristic books and films, both optimistic and pessimistic. But what does
the real future holds for us? Will life in the future be better, worse or the
same as now?
As for me, I am
optimistic about the future. We have already seen major technological advances
over the last fifty years and the next fifty years are going to be equally
exciting. For example, in fifty years' time scientists will have created robots
that will be doing all dangerous and difficult jobs. In addition, medicine
technology will have conquered many diseases including AIDS and cancer. As for
entertainment, I believe we will get it from the Internet and television will
people feel pessimistic about our future. They worry about the activity of
terrorists and the possibility of nuclear wars. Another problem is our
environment, which is in a sorry state. I am sure that people will be able
control their weapons because everybody understands what disastrous
consequences nuclear wars may have. We will also take care of our environment
and in the future people will drive petrol-free cars, drink purified water and
recycle their rubbish.
up, I believe that we will finally solve all our problems and will live
happily. History shows that people can make the right choices. That's a good
reason to be optimistic about science and humanity.
Внешний вид. Многие считают, что это очень важно…
What people wear
says a lot about who they are and what they do. It is not surprising that
teenagers are so concerned about their clothes. However, their parents think
that following fashion is a waste of time.
From my point of
view, it is important to look smart and attractive. We cannot go through life
with the same hairstyle or make-up. I believe it is also necessary for
teenagers to follow fashion. When you are up with fashion, you feel confident.
Nevertheless, I feel that looking clean and tidy is even more important than
looking stylish. What is more, everyone should find their own style to express
their individuality. I hate when people dress alike. As for me, I prefer
hand-made or designer clothes and try to look stylish.
Many adults do not
understand why teens spend so much time and money on their clothes. Moreover,
they are often quite old-fashioned and do not accept modern trends in clothing.
They say that fashion comes and goes but classical style remains: I cannot
agree with them because teenage fashion is quite specific. Nobody likes to
dress in styles that are too old for them, and it is no fun being teased
because of it.
conclusion, I would argue that modern lifestyle forces us to look stylish
because people judge us by our clothes. It is especially important in business
where your look can actually make or lose you money. Therefore I think we
should learn how to look nice.
Все школьные предметы
одинаково важны. Согласны ли вы с этим. People have various preferences so
it is natural that school students want to study the subjects they are
interested in. Yet many teachers are against this, arguing that students must
learn all subjects equally.
In my opinion, students should be allowed to choose the subjects they
want to study because in this case they will probably be more enthusiastic
about their school work. In addition, if students are forced to study all
subjects obligatorily, they can easily lose interest in education. What is
more, if all subjects are compulsory for studying, students will not have
enough time to learn all of them properly therefore they will be constantly
under a lot of pressure.
On the other hand, most teachers believe their subject is of great
importance and they will not let it be optional. Moreover, teachers claim that
students must be well rounded so they need to study all subjects equally. I am
afraid, however, that when we learn a variety of subjects, we get very poor
knowledge and we are not able to get an idea of what our interests are.
Besides, some subjects can be of no use for us in the future and we will forget
everything we learned at school.
In conclusion, I strongly believe
that being free to choose what to study is an effective form of education. Nevertheless,
I must admit that we should not completely reject all the other subjects.
Instead, teachers must find an easier form of teaching them.
Генетически-модифицированные продукты. За или против.
modified crops have made a big splash in the news lately. For example, in Honduras
farmers are encouraged to produce genetically modified (GM) crops although many
people dispute about harmful effects of genetic technologies.
On the one hand,
genetic technology is one of the best solutions to the problem of world hunger.
GM crops are faster and cheaper to grow therefore it will be possible to
increase production and lower the cost of food. Besides, these crops could be
grown in areas suffering from drought and salt. More than that, many people
rely on genetically modified foods for medicines, for example insulin for
On the other hand,
there is a possibility that introducing a gene into a plant may have an
unexpected and negative impact on human health, for instance, it may create a
new allergen and cause an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals. In
addition, since some crops are modified using the DNA from viruses and
bacteria, we may encounter new diseases. Moreover, GM crops may also pose a
health risk to animals that eat them as they may be poisoned by built-in
conclusion, 1 would like to say that many people feel that genetic engineering
is the inevitable wave of the future and that we cannot afford to ignore a technology
that has such enormous potential benefits. However, we must proceed with
caution to avoid causing unintended harm to human health and the environment
as a result of our enthusiasm for this powerful technology.
Город или деревня?
Nowadays lots of
young people tend to move to cities in search of better life. On the contrary,
many adults consider such
a lifestyle quite dangerous for their children. Who is right? Is the life in the city
really as harmful as it may seem?
On the one hand, city life has lots of advantages. For
example, it is
often easier to get prestigious education and to find a well-paid job. Besides,
there is a wider choice of shops, sports facilities and health centres. What is
more, if you live in the city, you can eat in good restaurants, visit museums,
and go to theatres or concerts. All in all, city lifestyle is full of variety
so you will never feel bored.
On the other hand, we must admit that city life is
rather unsafe as there is a lot of crime and violence. What is more, transport
and industry are the main reasons for all kinds of pollution therefore city
dwellers often have more problems with their health. Last of all, young people
living in cities are likely to acquire such bad habits as smoking, drinking alcohol
or even taking drugs.
In conclusion, I
think that city life has its pros and cons. However, if we try and solve the
problems of crime and pollution, then living in the city will be really
enjoyable. As for me, I would prefer to live in the city because I am keen on
visiting theatres and don't mind noise and pollution.
Граффити. За или против.
Art has lots of
different forms. However, its evaluation has become especially problematic
since the twentieth century when controversial art forms such as graffiti
became popular. Although graffiti is often regarded as a new form of art worthy
of display in galleries, its value is still highly contested.
On the one hand,
works produced by graffiti artists demonstrate a broad spectrum of personal
and cultural expression therefore it is the way for people to express their
talent. In addition, graffiti like any other art work takes vision, planning as
well as lots of efforts. What is more, in many ways viewing graffiti art is
very much like viewing contemporary art in a gallery and it is appreciated by
On the other hand,
graffiti is often seen as vandalism because instead of canvas graffiti artists
choose train cars, bridges or public walls, which makes our cities look really
ugly and run-down. Moreover, most of the graffiti you see on walls is a
collection of swear words, gang names or just silly drawings. For many people graffiti
is often associated with crime and violence.
up, graffiti can be called an art form as long as artists get permission from
those whose property might be used as canvas. In my opinion, people paint on
public things because they have nowhere else to express their talent. I
strongly believe city authorities should create special places for graffiti
artists where all people will be able to appreciate this wonderful art form.
Дальнейшее обучение после
Many roads are
open before school-leavers therefore it is not easy for them to make the right
choice. Some students believe that it is necessary to get higher education
whereas others prefer to earn money.
On the one hand,
it is better to continue our education and get the necessary knowledge for our
future profession. At universities we learn how to learn so that we can make
use of this ability in other more practical areas later on in life. Besides, if
we have good qualifications, we will be able to find a highly paid job because
every company needs well-qualified employees. Moreover, while studying at
university, we can make lots of new friends and university life is usually
interesting and exciting.
students take a gap year after school and start, working in order to find out
what their interests are and choose their future career. Besides, they can get
the necessary experience and it will be a useful introduction to the world of
business. Many people nowadays follow the traditional 'start at the bottom and
work your way up' approach. What is more, they will earn money and become
independent of their parents.
conclusion, I want to say that the final choice depends on the person's
attitude to education. Personally, I think that further education is very
important and it is easier to study when you are young. So after finishing
school I am going to enter a college or university and to continue my
Диеты. Что вы делаете, чтобы оставаться в форме.
Nowadays many people think they are too fat even if
their doctors disagree. They think the best way to improve their fitness is
following a diet. But is dieting really so effective and healthy?
On the one hand, if you want to lose weight it is very
important to keep your eye on what you eat. To begin with, you should cut out
snacks and desserts, which add weight without boosting energy levels. Besides,
you ought to cut down on fat as it is believed to be one of the major causes of
obesity. Finally, you may count the number of calories you eat every day, which
may substantially reduce the amount of food you eat and help to lose weight.
On the other hand, strict dieting may be dangerous.
Firstly, the lower the calories eaten per day, the harder it is to get the
daily requirements of proteins and vitamins. In addition, excessive dieting
causes muscle loss and this loss may be from your heart with severe
consequences. Moreover, dieting lowers your metabolic rate, so when you return
to your normal food intake, you will put on weight even faster than before.
To conclude, I believe that to stay healthy everybody
should follow a sensible, well-balanced diet that gives their body exactly what
it needs. However, I think the best way of keeping fit is doing sports. If you
do regular exercise, you can eat and drink whatever you want because you are
burning it all off.
язык для всей планеты. За и против.
doubt that learning languages takes up a lot of time. That is why some people
think that it would be better to have only one language on our planet. But
will it be really beneficial for mankind?
In my opinion, the
reduction of the number of languages is a disaster because it will totally
destroy our great cultural heritage. With each loss of a language comes a loss
of a culture, a loss of a way of life that deserves to be protected and treated
as valuable. 1 also believe that leaving one language for communication will
greatly reduce the linguistic diversity of our planet, which is the key to our
survival. What is more, it will be rather difficult to choose which language to
use and it may even lead to wars.
Many people think
that if we have only one language, communication will become easier and there
will be no need to learn foreign languages. I cannot agree with them because
knowledge of foreign languages makes a person educated and well rounded. You
cannot broaden your mind if you see the world only from the perspective of
your own culture. Besides, people are a lot more helpful if you speak their
conclusion, I would argue that we should try our best to preserve the
linguistic diversity of our planet. I think that larger cultures should have a
respect for minority languages, but first of all the younger generation must
want to preserve their native language.